Tag Archive : attack

BlockFi Hacked Following SIM Swap Attack, But Says No Funds Lost

Airo Safety Says – BlockFi Hacked Following SIM Swap Assault, However Says No Funds Misplaced

For slightly below 90 minutes final Thursday, hackers had been in a position to compromise the methods of cryptocurrency lending platform BlockFi, and acquire unauthorised entry to customers’ names, e-mail addresses, dates of beginning, deal with and exercise historical past.

In an incident report revealed on its web site, BlockFi was eager to emphasize that the hacker’s exercise had been logged and as such it was “in a position to affirm that no funds, passwords, social safety numbers, tax identification numbers, passports, licenses, checking account data, nor comparable personal identification data” had been uncovered.

That’s clearly a aid, however there are nonetheless loads of dangerous issues that could possibly be carried out by anybody maliciously-minded who got here throughout the knowledge that was efficiently accessed by the hacker.

So, how did the hacker acquire entry to BlockFi?

In response to the crypto-lending platform, considered one of its staff was focused by criminals who performed a SIM swap assault, hijacking management of the employee’s cellphone quantity.

SIM swap assaults (additionally typically referred to as Port Out scams) sometimes see a fraudster efficiently trick a cellphone operator into giving them management of a goal’s cellphone quantity.

That doesn’t simply imply fraudster will now be getting cellphone calls supposed for the sufferer. They will even be receiving SMS messages – which can embody the tokens utilized by some methods in an try and authenticate a consumer logging right into a system is who they are saying they’re.

SIM swap assaults have develop into extra frequent lately, and because of this there was a concerted effort by many to push for safer strategies of authentication than a token despatched by way of an SMS message. That is one thing that cryptocurrency-related companies needs to be notably conscious of, contemplating the previous theft of many tens of millions of .

With the BlockFi worker’s cellphone quantity below their management, the hacker was in a position to acquire entry to reset the employee’s e-mail password, and acquire entry to their e-mail account, after which exfiltrate knowledge about prospects and try (unsuccessfully) to make unauthorised withdrawals of BlockFi shoppers’ funds.

BlockFi says it took fast motion, suspending the affected worker’s entry to stop additional misuse, and placing “further id controls for all BlockFi staff” in place.

By doing this, BlockFi says it was in a position to forestall a second tried assault by the hacker.

“As a result of nature of the knowledge that was leaked, we don’t consider there may be any fast danger to BlockFi shoppers or firm funds,” says BlockFi.

I’m undecided I’d agree with that. Certain, probably the most delicate data has not been stolen however e-mail addresses, names and addresses, dates of beginning, and so forth can all be leveraged by scammers and may make a phishing assault seem a lot extra convincing.

BlockFi’s recommendation for purchasers is to allow multi-factor authentication on their accounts to make them harder for a hacker to breach, and to activate a listing of authorised wallets to which funds might be transferred.

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Tarkett floored by cyber attack

Airo AV Stories – Tarkett floored by cyber assault

Tarkett floored by cyber attack

French flooring firm Tarkett has revealed that it was hit by a cyber assault on April 29th, and that its operations proceed to be disrupted because of this:

Tarkett is the sufferer of a cyber-attack that has affected a part of its operations since April 29th regardless of the IT safety measures carried out by the Group.

In response, Tarkett instantly shut down its info expertise programs and put in place the mandatory preventive measures to guard its operations in addition to the info of its workers, clients and companions.

Tarkett’s groups are presently absolutely mobilized with the assist of main third-party IT consultants and forensics to return operations to regular as quickly as doable. Industrial and manufacturing operations presently stay disrupted.

Tarkett is involved with the related authorities and has notified its cybersecurity insurer.

Tarkett press release

There aren’t any technical particulars being shared as to the character of the assault in the meanwhile, however I don’t suppose anybody can be shocked if it turned out that Tarkett had been hit by ransomware.

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Called to an urgent Zoom meeting with HR? It might be a phishing attack

AiroAV Claims – Referred to as to an pressing Zoom assembly with HR? It is perhaps a phishing assault

Called to an urgent Zoom meeting with HR? It might be a phishing attack

Called to an urgent Zoom meeting with HR? It might be a phishing attack

Unhealthy sufficient that folks have discovered themselves making an attempt to work at home for the primary time of their lives, perching their laptop computer on the top of the couch.

Aggravating sufficient that they’re having to stay productive whereas overseeing their children attending distant college classes, battling the frustrations of Google Classroom.

Difficult sufficient to maintain the family one thing approaching sane while having a video convention name with these colleagues who haven’t been furloughed (but).

With all this happening, you actually aren’t going to be ok with an e-mail arriving out of your firm’s HR staff asking you to hitch a Zoom assembly instantly to debate your Q1 efficiency with the subject “Contract suspension / Termination Trial”

That might be fairly ominous wouldn’t it?

Because the researchers at Irregular Safety describe, pc customers are being focused with phishing emails which have adopted simply that disguise.

Zoom phishing email c19

The chance, after all, is that workers working from house for the Coronavirus pandemic lockdown will all-too-quickly consider they’ve obtained a real invitation to a video assembly with HR, click on on the hyperlink to a pretend Zoom webpage, and hand their company e-mail login credentials over to criminals.

Zoom phishing login

Keep in mind – there is no such thing as a authentic purpose for Zoom to ask on your e-mail handle password.

Don’t be too fast to click on. Cybercriminals are exploiting the Coronavirus pandemic with social engineering methods to trick unsuspecting customers into clicking on malicious hyperlinks.

Keep protected on the market.

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IT services giant Cognizant hit by Maze ransomware attack

AiroAV Says – IT providers big Cognizant hit by Maze ransomware assault – HOTforSecurity

One of many world’s main skilled service firms, Cognizant, has confirmed that its methods have been hit by a ransomware assault.

In a assertion launched on its web site the multinational reported that a few of its shoppers had been experiencing “service disruptions” after a safety incident noticed the Maze ransomware have an effect on its inside community.

“Cognizant can verify safety incident involving our inside methods, and inflicting service disruptions for a few of our shoppers, is the results of a Maze ransomware assault.”

“Our inside safety groups, supplemented by main cyber protection corporations, are actively taking steps to include this incident.”

The primary information that ransomware had hit Cognizant was reported on the Bleeping Pc web site, which mentioned that Cognizant started emailing shoppers on Friday with a “preliminary listing of indicators of compromise recognized by way of our investigation”. In keeping with Cognizant, this data might be used to assist shoppers monitor their very own methods and safe them from assault.

The Maze ransomware gang is infamous for its audacious assaults focused organisations. The group’s assaults see company victims not solely contaminated with file-encrypting ransomware, but in addition threatened with the publication of stolen knowledge if extortion calls for aren’t met.

Cognizant, which employs over 250,000 individuals and has over 270 places of work worldwide, boasts of getting 177 of the International Fortune 500 amongst its shoppers.

In different phrases, a ransomware assault doesn’t simply impression Cognizant. It additionally probably impacts lots of Cognizant’s clients, lots of that are well-known names. And in the event that they expertise difficulties as a result of their IT providers provider has been hit by ransomware, you and your organization could also be inconvenienced too.

And if the attackers are telling the reality about stealing delicate data from Cognizant’s community, there’s all the time the chance that it is likely to be knowledge about you and your organization that’s revealed on-line by the Maze gang if a ransom shouldn’t be paid.

Current victims of Maze ransomware assaults embrace legislation corporations,
medical analysis agency HMR, and lock firm with an ironic sideline in cybersecurity insurance coverage Chubb.

One can’t assist however surprise if there is likely to be extra profitable ransomware assaults within the weeks going ahead, as increasingly workers earn a living from home and thru both recklessness or ignorance put their firms in danger.

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Report: Travelex paid ransomware attackers $2.3 million worth of Bitcoin

Airo Safety Pronounces – Travelex paid hackers $2.three million price of Bitcoin after ransomware assault

I suppose they had been capable of work out the alternate fee…

Report: Travelex paid ransomware attackers $2.3 million worth of Bitcoin

Report: Travelex paid ransomware attackers $2.3 million worth of Bitcoin

Keep in mind how again in January I raised one of many central mysteries behind Travelex’s ransomware assault – specifically, had the overseas forex alternate service paid its attackers a ransom or not?

Travelex was notably refusing to reply any questions on whether or not it had given in to the extortionists’ calls for.

However now, the Wall Avenue Journal experiences, it appears like Travelex paid US $2.three million price of Bitcoin to the REvil ransomware gang, who had threatened to publish private information of shoppers stolen from Travelex’s community.

Owned by London-listed funds conglomerate Finablr PLC, Travelex discovered its operations crippled by a New 12 months’s Eve ransomware assault that left a few of its techniques offline for weeks. The finance firm paid out the ransom within the type of 285 bitcoin, in line with the individual with data of the transaction.

Requested in regards to the cost, a Travelex spokesman stated the agency has taken recommendation from various specialists and has stored regulators and companions knowledgeable about its efforts to handle the restoration. A U.Okay. law-enforcement investigation into the breach is continuous, he stated. He declined to remark additional on the incident.

Whether or not ransoms needs to be paid or not is a divisive subject, and I discover it arduous to provide a easy reply. I can properly perceive the place of those that say that it encourages extra ransomware assaults in opposition to different organisations if a ransom is paid. It actually does.

However on the similar time, when an organization is on the ropes, it has no different choices, and its survival is in query, it’s arduous to not sympathise with a troublesome choice being made to pay those that had been behind the assault if it helps make sure the agency stays afloat, and jobs are saved.

Travelex’s administration staff had been strongly criticised for its shambolic response to the assault, which noticed the agency delay confirming it had been hit by ransomware for over every week.

Ultimately Travelex started to hobble again on-line on the finish of January.

The monetary issues confronted by Travelex and its father or mother firm, Finablr, have solely elevated within the months since as a result of monumental impression the Coronavirus pandemic has had on its enterprise.

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Ransomware attacks happening under the name of Coronavirus

Airo Safety Declares – Is the Coronavirus turning into an assault channel for ransomware?

Estimated studying time: three minutes

These days, everyone is conscious of the time period, ‘Novel Coronavirus.’ All around the world, 7.7 Billion individuals have gotten affected by Coronavirus straight or not directly. It has impacted so badly that presently, total mankind is frightened and fearful about the way forward for their survival. As per sources, it originated in China and unfold throughout your entire world so quick that it affected the every day routine of all of the residents in each nation.  Nevertheless, is the cybersecurity sphere seeing this pathological risk misused by hackers to launch ransomware additionally?


How is the Cyberworld aligned with this reality?

Cybercriminals took all doable benefit to steal helpful, private and monetary info by way of Coronavirus There are circumstances whereby  spam emails have been despatched that used the coronavirus as a motivator to get recipients to open emails designed to hack their programs. These malicious packages encrypted delicate info of customers on their programs and demanded giant sums of cash as ransom to decrypt locked knowledge. Such campaigns are nonetheless on the rise.

We lately coated this phenomenon by way of one in every of our blogs. Now, discover out the technicalities of one of many ransomware executions by way of the usage of the Novel Coronavirus as a platform.

Execution of ransomware

Coronavirus ransomware is seen spreading by way of a faux web site —if malicious file is downloaded from the faux web site it executes the Coronavirus Ransomware. Upon execution of the ransomware file, it encrypts consumer recordsdata in addition to file names saved on the contaminated system. It additionally renames the drive as Coronavirus as  seen within the under screenshot:


Encrypted Files

Fig 1: Encrypted Recordsdata



After 15 minutes of this exercise ransom be aware will show on system reboot.

                                                                   Fig 2: Reboot Notice


Ransomware Drops the under Ransom Notice in every folder the place recordsdata are encrypted:

Fig three: Ransom Notice


How Fast Heal helps:

 Fast Heal presents multilayered safety in opposition to this assault.

  • Fast Heal detects the Ransomware malicious file as ‘TrojanDownloader.Upatre’ adopted by our Whole Ransomware safety,in addition to Conduct-based detection, detecting and blocking the ransomware’s malicious exercise. So it reduces the danger of the ransomware an infection.
  • Fast Heal Internet Safety detects and blocks the malicious hyperlink which is answerable for downloading the ransomware

                      Fig four: URL Detection

Ransomware has turn out to be a perpetual risk for particular person customers and companies too. As soon as it encrypts any recordsdata, it’s unimaginable to decrypt the info until a ransom is paid to the perpetrator. Given the extent of the harm any ransomware can do to your knowledge, it’s essential to comply with the really useful safety measures talked about under.

  1. All the time take backup of your essential knowledge on common foundation.
  2. Replace your antivirus software program that may block contaminated emails, web sites, and cease infections that may unfold by way of USB drives.
  3. Don’t click on on hyperlinks or obtain attachments that arrive in emails from undesirable or sudden sources.

Have one thing so as to add to this story? Share it within the

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Cybersecurity insurance firm Chubb investigates its own ransomware attack

Airo AV Publicizes – Cybersecurity insurance coverage agency Chubb investigates its personal ransomware assault – HOTforSecurity

A infamous ransomware gang claims to have efficiently compromised the infrastructure… of an organization promoting cyberinsurance.

The Maze ransomware group says it has encrypted information belonging to Chubb, which claims to be one of many world’s largest insurance coverage firms, and is threatening to publicly launch information until a ransom is paid.

The announcement by the cybercrime gang was printed on Maze’s web site, the place it lists what it euphemistically describes as its “new purchasers”.

Maze’s regular modus operandi is to compromise an organisation, steal its information, infect the community with its ransomware, and submit a pre-announcement on its web site as a warning to the company sufferer that if they don’t pay a ransom their stolen information shall be be printed on the web.

On the time of writing, Maze has printed no proof that it has efficiently contaminated Chubb’s programs. It has printed the e-mail addresses of its Chief Government, Vice Chairman, and Chief Working Officer, however that is info which might have been simply obtained by means of different means than hacking.

When requested to offer extra info, the Maze group is presently retaining its lips sealed – presumably ready to see if Chubb can pay a ransom.

For its half, Chubb informed Bleeping Laptop that – with the assistance of cybersecurity consultants and legislation enforcement companies – it was investigating whether or not hackers may need stolen information from a third-party service supplier because it has not discovered any proof that its personal community has been compromised:

“We’re presently investigating a pc safety incident that will contain unauthorized entry to information held by a third-party service supplier. We’re working with legislation enforcement and a number one cybersecurity agency as a part of our investigation. We have now no proof that the incident affected Chubb’s community. Our community stays absolutely operational and we proceed to service all policyholder wants, together with claims. Securing the info entrusted to Chubb is a prime precedence for us. We’ll present additional info as acceptable.”

Whether or not it was Chubb or considered one of its exterior companions stays to be seen, however the point out of Chubb on Maze’s record of “new purchasers” was sufficient to immediate safety researchers to discover the state of Chubb’s safety – with some discovering that the corporate appeared to have left RDP open for anybody to entry by way of the web, and that the agency was utilizing unpatched Citrix Netscaler servers (generally exploited in previous Maze ransomware assaults)

Increasingly more firms are selecting to take out industrial cyberinsurance insurance policies to mop up among the prices if they’re hit by ransomware and different types of hacker assaults. For a big firm promoting cyberinsurance to doubtlessly be one of many newest ransomware victims is especially ironic, and sends a warning to all corporations to not be complacent concerning the risk.

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Coronavirus phishing attack disguises as a message from the Center for Disease Control

AiroAV Pronounces – Coronavirus phishing assault disguises as a message from the Middle for Illness Management

Coronavirus phishing attack disguises as a message from the Center for Disease Control

With the variety of individuals contaminated by the Coronavirus growing all over the world, on-line criminals are exhibiting extra indicators of exploiting public concern.

Safety researchers at Kaspersky have recognized as phishing marketing campaign that poses as an e-mail from the USA’ CDC (Facilities of Illness Management).

The e-mail’s topic line is actually prone to catch the attention of many individuals, because it claims to be emergency info associated to “Coronavirus outbreak in your metropolis”:

Coronavirus phishing
Coronavirus phishing e-mail. Supply: Kaspersky

Informal examination of the e-mail may make customers imagine they’re studying an e-mail seny by cdc.gov – the real web area of the Facilities of Illness Management. Nonetheless, the e-mail hasn’t been despatched from the CDC’s servers, however as a substitute makes use of the lookalike deal with of cdc-gov.org.

And the hyperlink proven within the HTML e-mail pretends to go to cdc.gov, however as a substitute takes the unsuspecting person to a pretend Microsoft Outlook login web page that makes an attempt to steal customers’ e-mail login credentials.

Outlook phishing
Outlook phishing web page. Supply: Kaspersky

The area cdc-gov.org was first registered on January 31 2020, in an opportunist try by cybercriminals to use the Coronovirus outbreak for their very own ends.

Whois information for Cdc-gov.org

The researchers at Kaspersky additionally warn that they’ve seen a separate rip-off, utilizing the marginally totally different area cdcgov.org (registered on 2 February 2020).

On this occasion, the emails will not be being distributed to phish for passwords however are as a substitute urging recipients to donate Bitcoin for analysis right into a Coronavirus vaccine.

Corona bitcoin
Coronavirus e-mail asking for Bitcoin donation. Supply: Kaspersky

Final week I described how cybercriminals have been exploiting concern of the Coronavirus to unfold malware.

As soon as once more we’re reminded that cold-hearted scammers and fraudsters don’t have any qualms about exploiting human distress, and are ready to do something if it’d internet them a wealthy reward.

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Dutch university paid $220,000 ransom to hackers after Christmas attack

Airo Safety Claims – Dutch college paid $220,000 ransom to hackers after Christmas assault

Dutch university paid $220,000 ransom to hackers after Christmas attack

A Dutch college has held a press convention the place it admitted paying a 30 bitcoin ransom (roughly 200,000 Euro or US $220,000) to hackers who compromised its community within the fast run-up to Christmas 2019.

On the press convention, which was reside streamed to the web in Dutch, Maastricht College (UM) workers described what they knew concerning the assault, the influence which it had on workers and college students, and the teachings it had learnt.

Maastricht College’s issues started on 15 and 16 October 2019, when two phishing emails had been opened on two totally different workstations. These emails resulted in attackers with the ability to achieve entry to the College techniques.

A number of servers had been then compromised by the hackers from 16 October 2019. On 21 November 2019, the attackers had been in a position to exploit a server which had not acquired safety updates, and managed to acquire full admin rights over the college’s community infrastructure.

The ransomware assault itself occurred on December 23 2019, because the Clop ransomware was deployed to 267 Home windows servers, encrypting all information and demanding a ransom be paid for his or her restoration.

There’s no such factor as an excellent time for an organisation to deal with a cyber assault, however the Christmas holidays pose a particular problem, as many workers may have plans to spend time with their households over the festive season.

Nonetheless, the College mentioned that “as many as 2 hundred UM workers didn’t spend the Christmas holidays undisturbed ayt house, however labored at the very least part-time.”

And it wasn’t simply IT workers who received known as in to assist because the College battled to be prepared for the return of 19,000 college students on 6 January.

“…many workers members from schools and assist companies turned concerned in addressing the consequences of the hack due to their information of academic processes and scholar welfare …. various from lecturers and workers of schooling places of work to scholar advisors, scholar counsellors, scholar psychologists, timetable schedulers, assist desk workers; coverage advisors with authorized, monetary, HR and educational experience; workers of the college library, facility companies who’re concerned within the early opening of buildings amongst different issues. And, in fact, the staff who took cost of inner and exterior communication so early on within the course of.

We had been in a position to name on an awesome a lot of our workers and their supervisors. They labored very lengthy days and weeks and not using a whisper of a criticism and with an unlimited loyalty to UM and its college students and workers—a sacrifice and endeavour for which we’re very grateful.”

One key determination got here to a head on 29 December, a couple of week after the assault: ought to the College pay the ransom or not?

In its administration abstract of the incident, produced in co-ordination with safety consultants at Fox-IT, Nick Bos, vice preisdent of Maastricht College, defined the choice:

Weighing these components in the end comes all the way down to the diploma and length wherein schooling, analysis and each day operations are disrupted if the decryption of knowledge and disinfection of techniques will not be carried out for a very long time. Making or having a ‘decryptor’ your self is, in keeping with consultants, both not possible or will take a really very long time (with a length that’s not possible to find out beforehand, if it ever succeeds). And never acquiring a ‘key’ signifies that UM should rebuild all contaminated techniques fully from ‘scratch’ and should take into account the unique, usually essential, information (information) related to the techniques as ‘written off’ if and insofar as ‘back-up information’ usually are not obtainable.

On this case, it could take (many) months for UM’s schooling, analysis and enterprise operations to even be partially up and working once more. The injury this may trigger to the schooling and work of scholars, researchers, workers and the dangers to the continuity of the establishment would basically be unforeseeable.

If fee could be made to acquire the ‘decryptor’, the continuity of the organisation might in precept be assured significantly better and far sooner. It might then be enough to wash up present techniques which can be contaminated, a course of that may take significantly much less time than constructing new techniques and copying saved information from backups.

Confronted with this dilemma, the college administration in the end made an impartial determination that was solely focussed on the pursuits of scholars, workers and the establishment: buying the decryptor.

It’s a determination that was not taken evenly by the Government Board. However it was additionally a call that needed to be made.

And clearly, because the College was in a position to welcome college students again on 6 January and conduct exams “kind of as deliberate” and suffered “little or no irreparable injury” it feels it made the suitable pragmatic selection.

The College says it is going to enhance its cybersecurity, and enforce the suggestions of Fox-IT.

In accordance with the College, it is going to share info and findings with different universities and better schooling establishments, and hopes that by being open about its experiences it is going to stimulate “a broader dialogue and additional cooperation”.

To be taught extra concerning the assault and its remediation, try the Maastricht College web site.

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Android users at risk from Bluetooth hijack attack

Jon Cartu Declared – Android customers in danger from Bluetooth hijack assault, and are warned of “brief distance worm” menace

Android users at risk from Bluetooth hijack attack

Google has issued a safety bulletin relating to vulnerabilities within the Android working system that would put customers’ units in danger.

One of many vulnerabilities, given a severity score of “Crucial” by Google, pertains to a flaw that would enable an attacker, inside vary of a tool’s Bluetooth sign, to run malicious code with out requiring any interplay from the person.

Researchers at ERNW, who found the safety vulnerability (dubbed CVE-2020-0022), described it as follows:

“On Android eight.Zero to 9.Zero, a distant attacker inside proximity can silently execute arbitrary code with the privileges of the Bluetooth daemon so long as Bluetooth is enabled. No person interplay is required and solely the Bluetooth MAC handle of the goal units needs to be recognized. For some units, the Bluetooth MAC handle might be deduced from the WiFi MAC handle. This vulnerability can result in theft of private information and will probably be used to unfold malware (Quick-Distance Worm).”

Worryingly, Android eight.Zero-9.Zero account for over 60% of the Android units in use.

Android os stats february 2020
Android OS model marketshare worldwide, February 2020. Supply: gstatcounter.com

The researchers go on to clarify that for technical causes the vulnerability can’t be exploited on Android 10, however might trigger the Bluetooth daemon to crash. It isn’t but recognized if variations of Android prior to eight.Zero are in danger.

ERNW reported the vulnerability to Microsoft on November three, 2019, since when a patch has been within the works.

Google knowledgeable different Android system producers of the difficulty one month in the past, and has gone public this week with safety patches for its own-branded units, such because the Google Pixel. Different patches included within the safety replace shield in opposition to different Android bugs that vary in severity from “average” to “vital”.

Clearly the most effective factor for Android customers to do is to put in the newest out there safety patch onto their smartphones and tablets. Issues happen, nevertheless, for those who occur to make use of a tool from a producer who has not but rolled out the safety replace, or in case your Android system is not formally supported.

If that’s true for you, you would possibly need to think about disabling Bluetooth in your system till a correct repair turns into out there for you. Should you actually should allow Bluetooth, keep in mind to show it off afterwards.

The researchers at ERNW say that they may launch extra technical data on the vulnerability, together with proof-of-concept code, as quickly as they really feel assured that patches have reached finish customers.

Given the historical past of how lengthy some Android telephones stay lively on the web with out of date and bug-ridden variations of their working system I don’t understand how they will ever really feel that it’s secure to take action.

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